Organic wine refers to wine that is made from grapes grown using organic farming practices. Organic farming methods prioritize the use of natural and sustainable techniques while minimizing the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fertilizers. The main objective is to promote biodiversity, soil health, and ecological balance.
To be certified organic, vineyards must adhere to specific guidelines and standards established by different organic certification organizations in different countries. These standards typically require the vineyards to abstain from using synthetic chemicals, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and other artificial additives. Instead, they rely on natural methods like crop rotation, composting, cover cropping, and biological pest control to maintain the health and productivity of the vineyard.
During winemaking, organic principles extend beyond the vineyard. Organic winemakers aim to minimize the use of additives and processing aids, such as sulfites, fining agents, and artificial yeasts. However, it's important to note that organic certification does not necessarily mean the wine is sulfite-free. Sulfites, which act as preservatives, occur naturally during fermentation, but additional sulfites are sometimes added to stabilize the wine.
When you choose organic wine, you support environmentally friendly and sustainable agricultural practices. Some people also believe that organic wines have a purer taste and reflect the characteristics of the grapes and terroir more authentically. However, taste preferences can vary among individuals.
It's worth mentioning that organic wine is not the same as biodynamic wine, although there are some similarities. Biodynamic farming goes beyond organic practices and follows a holistic approach that takes into account cosmic and lunar rhythms, as well as the overall health of the vineyard ecosystem.
When purchasing organic wine, look for wines labeled as "certified organic" or "made from organic grapes." This ensures that the wine meets the specific organic standards established by the certification organization in the respective country.